Armed conflict has increased dramatically in the last 10 years, with the number of active conflicts increasing by over 33% and battle-related deaths increasing nearly ten-fold. This occurred despite almost $400 billion dollars of development assistance in conflict affected countries. As development, conflict prevention, and peacebuilding professionals we must do better. In this report, we explore the possibilities and benefits of using cost-effectiveness analysis to get more impact for every dollar spent on peacebuilding and conflict prevention.
Specifically, we examine whether it is possible to conduct cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) given the nascent state of effectiveness data within the community. Although the data is not perfect, our conclusion is that the necessary data is publicly available and sufficient to test CEA as an analytical method in the peacebuilding context. We recommend piloting the use of CEA as a tool to provide peacebuilders with empirical data about cost and effectiveness to guide decision-making and resource allocation. We provide an in-depth discussion of CEA and its application to the peacebuilding context.
We also discuss many of the challenges associated with this effort in our research findings and provide recommendations to overcome them.
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